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Shin Splints and Shin Pain


A shin splint is the most common cause of exercise-induced leg pain encountered by athletes of all levels. This condition can also affect non-athletic people who are on their feet all day. In the past the term shin splint has been used to describe all forms of pain in the lower leg. Misleading terms such as compartment syndrome and stress fractures have all been used to describe a shin splint. However, a shin splint is a very specific problem. It is essentially an inflammatory reaction involving the deep tissues of the lower leg and may involve tendons & muscles.

The inflammatory reaction occurs at the point where the deep tissues insert into the inside (medial) or front (anterior) aspect of the leg bone (tibia), tenderness is usually present between 3-16 cm above the foot.

When a patient is suffering from a medial shin splint the pain and the tenderness will be present on the inner aspect of the leg. In an anterior shin splint, pain and tenderness is present on the front and outer aspect of the leg, in both cases, running and walking may be extremely painful. In severe cases, even light weight bearing may be painful.

The above photograph shoes where shin pain can occur


  • Over training.
  • Mechanical problems with the feet such as "over pronation". Over pronation can be simply described as a condition which causes your arches to flatten out when you stand up. This causes your ankles to roll in towards each other and disturbs your normal walking pattern. If a foot over pronates the structures of the leg are stretched and put under stress, which increases the likelihood of that structure being injured.
  • Tight calve muscles.
  • A young novice runner training for long periods on hard roads and in poor physical condition.
  • Training on hard surfaces such as concrete.
  • Improper shoes, inadequate shock absorption.
  • Excessive rotation of the hip.

  • Decrease training immediately.
  • The use of crutches may be necessary to ensure there is non-weight bearing
  • Review stretching exercises may be necessary.
  • Light swimming may help to maintain fitness.
  • Do not train downhill, this can aggravate the condition.
  • Purchase shin splint insoles.

We Recommend

Review: Treat those sore aching legs

Millions of people who suffer from the shin pain use insoles for immediate relief.
Insoles provide a unique foot support system that re-aligns the lower body. The major cause of shin pain is over pronation (rolling over of the feet) which causes excessive pressure on the shin bones. Our insoles treat the underlying cause of shin pain and prevent future occurrences of the condition.

Patients have reported relief of symptoms within 7 days of using this product.

Treatment Options for Shin Pain

Dr Foot's Sport Insoles
Dr Foot's Sport Insoles
Treat the underlying cause of shin pain

pro insoles
Dr Foot Pro Insoles 3/4
Orthotics for daily use to treat an shin pain

sandals with arch support

Dr Foot Orthotic Sandals
Built in arch support for indoor and outdoor use

work insoles

Dr Foot's Work Insoles
Comfortable shin pain work insoles

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