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Hard Skin


Callus occurs due to hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is the thickening of the skin due to pressure. Callus can occur over bony prominence, on the ball of the foot or on the heel. Callus often occur due to prolonged standing and may result in chronic pain. A callus appears as yellow or dark brown discoloured skin.

The above photograph is of mild callus at the 2nd metatarsal joint


  • Pain on weight bearing, relieved by rest.
  • A hard growth of skin, usually on the ball of the foot.
  • Increase discomfort in thin soled shoes or high heeled shoes.


  • Prolonged standing
  • Obesity
  • High heeled shoes
  • Surgery to the lower extremities.
  • Bunions
  • Mal-aligment of the metatarsal bones (the bone structure of the sole of the foot)
  • Flat feet and high arched feet
  • Abnormalities of gait (walking)



  • Apply a moisturizing cream twice daily.
  • Use pumice stone to reduce the thickness of the hard skin.
  • Avoid high heeled shoes or thin soled shoes
  • Buy shoes with a good shock absorbing sole
  • Never try to pare down the hard skin your self with a razor blade or a pair of scissors

We Recommend

Review: Gone are the days of callus and rough skin.

The metatarsal pad provides cushioning and support for hard skin. Flexitol heel balm softens hard skin on the foot and can be used anywhere on the foot.

Patients have reported relief of symptoms within 14 days of using these two products.

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Foot Pain Direct, Birmingham, UK, 0800 19 53 440
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